Secondary

Resources for EW: Space Exploration

BENEFITS

Satellites help with space exploration, along with GPS, weather forecasts etc. Improvements to them aid more than just space exploration. https://news.utexas.edu/2014/07/21/anniversary-shows-us-that-nasa-and-space-exploration-are-worth-their-costs/

The asteroid 16 Psyche was found to be made up of almost solely iron, nickel, and other precious metals, with the iron alone estimating a value of USD $10,000 quadrillion(in 2017). https://globalnews.ca/news/3175097/nasa-plans-mission-to-a-metal-rich-asteroid-worth-quadrillions/

Blue Origin CEO Jeff Bezos plans to extract water from the moon, which could give rise to greater access to key substances such as hydrogen, carbon, and silicon. https://www.forbes.com/sites/cognitiveworld/2019/05/13/the-race-to-mine-space/?sh=4e19eba41a70

Asteroids and comets have the potential to hit earth, and space exploration is the first step to preventing any devastating impacts. https://www.planetary.org/defending-the-earth-from-impacts

NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) successfully altered asteroid Dimorphos orbit. https://www.nasa.gov/press-release/nasa-confirms-dart-mission-impact-changed-asteroid-s-motion-in-space

https://www.extremetech.com/extreme/329334-nasa-launches-dart-asteroid-deflection-mission

COSTS

One passenger on a commercial flight is responsible for about 1-3 tons of carbon dioxide. One rocket launch emits about 200-300 tons of carbon dioxide just to launch a handful of individuals. https://www.theguardian.com/science/2021/jul/19/billionaires-space-tourism-environment-emissions

Currently, mining systems on earth are still not fully automated so robotics would have to greatly develop before space mining becomes viable. https://theconversation.com/humans-have-big-plans-for-mining-in-space-but-there-are-many-things-holding-us-back-181721

Currently, only one known planet, Kepler-442b, might be able to host human life, but it is about 1120 light years away from earth. https://www.forbes.com/sites/jamiecartereurope/2021/06/23/there-is-only-one-other-planet-in-our-galaxy-that-could-be-earth-like-say-scientists/?sh=2d421f2953df

Global need is increasing. Some examples include rising food scarcity and the escalation of climate change. https://humanitarianaction.info/article/glance-0 

Many more urgent issues are underfunded and should be prioritised instead of exploring space. https://www.globalcitizen.org/en/content/underfunded-humanitarian-crises-in-2022/